An electrician is an electrical professional specializing in the wiring of various structures, electrical transmission lines, and other machinery. Electricians can be used to the maintenance and installation of new electronic components or to the regular maintenance and service of electrical equipment already installed. Electricians are also needed for any changes in the functioning of the electrical systems of a building.
To become an electrician, one needs to possess certain minimum qualifications including at least a high school diploma or equivalent. He must have at least two years of practical electrician experience in addition to a bachelor’s degree and be a resident of the state where the electrician works.
The specific requirements for electricians vary from state to state. In most states, an electrician’s license, or E-license as it is commonly known, is required for employment. Other states only require a permit if the electrician works with dangerous equipment such as power tools.
Electricians are also required to undergo continuing education classes. This means that he has to submit a report of all courses and educational programs taken for continuing education purposes to his employer. Elected electricians have to register for continuing education classes at least once in a year so they are aware of any changes in laws and regulations that apply to their professions.
Working as an electrician requires a license, although not all states require it. Many states do require an E-license to operate a business or to obtain services in the private sector. Although states differ in their requirements, most states require an electrician to pass both written and practical examinations on a range of topics that will help him be a good electrician.
Electricians usually work in two distinct categories: general contractors and specialty electricians. General contractors work exclusively on electrical work. Specialty electricians deal with particular problems related to the electric utility industry such as the control and maintenance of electrical equipment, installation and testing of electrical equipment, and troubleshooting of electrical systems. Although both general and specialty electricians usually work in the construction field, some general contractors work exclusively with residential areas and some specialize in commercial areas.
Electricians are generally required by law to obtain certification prior to working in a specific trade. These certifications will normally cover a wide range of areas, such as how to read blueprints, identify potential problems in a workplace, how to use power tools, and perform common maintenance jobs, and more.
Electricians must be licensed by the state in which he works as well as the state he intends to work in. Electrician certificates, licenses, certifications, or licenses issued by other states, such as the District of Columbia or the state of residence of the electrician, will not qualify him for licensing in his home state. It is important that electricians obtain these necessary documents as soon as possible because they will enable him to work legally in the jurisdictions he intends to work in.
Electricians may need to obtain their electrical license from a state government agency or a private organization. Both of these sources have their own requirements and guidelines. When an electrician applies for an electrical license from a private organization, the requirements are usually very different from that of state government agencies. A private company or organization will usually require its electricians to take a comprehensive examination, pass several written examinations, and a practical examination.
Private organizations require their electricians to pass certain examinations and a series of tests. One of the first requirements is an examination that examines the knowledge of an electrician in the area of his specialty. An electrician must also pass a practical examination. and an oral examination in order to be eligible to become certified in any of the four areas that are used by electrician organizations for licensing purposes.
Electricians who want to work in a state that does not require an E-license may seek employment in a private firm that offers electrician services to other states. Most electricians work for electric companies, but this is not an uncommon practice in many cases.
Electricians who work in a non-government organization are called independent electricians. Independent electricians must also receive formal training in a variety of areas that relate to electricians’ skills and knowledge of the electric utility industry and their profession before they can become certified. Certification is the only credential required to operate as an independent electrician.